Six Critical Steps to Gun Cleaning



Step 1. Always make sure the gun is unloaded and pointed in a safe direction, check it twice!

Step 2. Carefully take your gun apart, making sure you to keep track of all the pieces and parts. Please refer to your owner’s manual for detailed instructions on how to disassemble particular weapon. For most over/under shotguns, when the action is closed, you remove the forestock (wooden part where your front hand goes underneath the barrel) by pulling down on the lever on the forestock. With the forestock off, you open the action of the gun and pull up and forward on the barrels (be careful not to let the barrels fall off the gun and to the ground, the repair can be expensive). You now have three distinct pieces, the receiver (stock and trigger assembly), the barrels, and the forestock

Step 3. Clean your weapon with a solvent (such as Hoppe’s #9). Inside the barrels use a bore brush or a rod (such as Outers) with a patch with solvent applied to the patch. (preferable pushing from the breach to the front of barrels (the same direction the shot/slug travels). Then use a clean dry patch and push that patch through the barrels. Continue this alternating process using clean patches (first with solvent and then without) until the patches no longer come out dirty. Use a toothbrush with solvent to clean other metal parts of gun to remove accumulated residue/deposits/”gunk”.

Step 4. Remove any remaining solvent from surfaces. Wipe down the firearm and all the parts to remove any residual solvent (which if left on metal can be harmful).

Step 5. Wipe down metal parts with light coat of oil/lubricant/rust inhibitor. To protect the firearm and help it function properly, wipe down metal parts with a light coat of gun oil or lubricant such as silicone or RemLube by Remington. Use the lubricant/oil sparingly. A little goes a long way. Never use WD40 on any firearm. WD40 is an excellent lubricant but it can seep into cartridge primers and cause the cartridge to misfire. If the storing the gun, try not to leave fingerprints on it. While the fingerprints will likely not do anything to effect the function of the gun, they can be unsightly and the oils on your skin may mar the finish of the metal.

Step 6. Reassemble your weapon and verify that it is functioning properly. Holding the receiver horizontal and with the barrels at a 45 degree angle to the ground, slide the barrels down onto/into the receiver until the “hook” at the bottom of the barrel(s) catches in the receiver. Lift up on the front of the barrels until they lock into place. Now reattach the forestock. With the small latch on the forestock open, slide the forestock into place and smoothly close the latch. Then open the breach of the gun and close it again to ensure reassembly was done correctly. All parts should move smoothly without any excess liquids/oils/etc visible on any part(s) of the gun. Do NOT use undue force on the weapon. Chances are if you have to use much (if any) muscle, you are doing something incorrectly.

Happy Shooting!


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